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SS 316 High performance fittings >Tube fittings > Overview > SAE Flareless


  Tube fittings
Overview
SAE Flareless
Appearance
The SAE Flareless (aka. "bite type") tube fitting is a threepiece system (nut, ferrule, and body) that works by forcing the ferrule cutting edge into the
tubing wall to create a seal. The resulting spring-action joint offers a leak proof seal and resistance to vibration.
Flareless fittings do not require a flaring operation and are used on medium to heavy walled tubing. Standard material for the fitting body is Type SS 316 stainless steel for the body and nut, and Carpenter Custom 630 (17Cr - 4Ni) stainless steel for the ferrule. The ferrule is slightly discolored because it has been heat treated to give extra hardness for biting. The ferrule must be harder than the tubing to form the bite that seals the assembly. The finish on SAE flareless fitting nuts is a dark graphite color due to lubricant coating. The fitting nut has a bonded dry film lubricant which aids in the installation process to reduce torque
and prevent galling.
Suggested Applications
The SAE flareless tube fitting is an excellent fitting system for higher vibration hydraulic systems where a user does not wish to flare tubing. On dynamic hydraulic systems, the SAE flareless tube fitting is recommended over other flareless tube fitting systems, specifically compression, or “instrumentation.” The design of the SAE flareless single biting ferrule holds the key to this superiority.
The ferrule bows during assembly and “bites” into the tubing wall. The spring-action joint provides superior shock absorption
and holding power. In addition, the bite and other visual cues, allow a user to inspect the assembly prior to system pressurization. With other flareless tube fitting systems, a user must rely on indirect verification of a positive seal through the
use of gap gauges or by counting the number of hex flats torqued from a finger-tight position.
Like all metal-to-metal tube fitting systems, the SAE flareless is limited in the number of disassemblies and reassemblies the
tubing can withstand as the ferrule bites deeper and deeper into the tubing wall with each reassembly. strongly discourages the intermixing of components from different manufacturers.
Characteristic SAE Flareless Tube Fitting Performance
Pressures Medium to 6,000 psi
Temperature Stainless: -425° to 1200°F Monel: -65° to 800°F
Vibration Resistance Good
Materials Available TSS 316/SS 316L stainless steel (17-4 ph stainless for ferrule) M405 Monel
Size Available (tubing OD) 1/8" – 2"
Tube Compatibility Seamless only Inch only Medium to heavy thickness
Seal Reliability Very good Metal to metal seal
Sealing surfaces are less prone to damage Low tolerance to assembly variation